An Accountable Care Organization (ACO) is a formal group of physicians, hospitals, or other care providers that voluntarily work together to deliver high-quality coordinated care to Medicare beneficiaries. The goal of an ACO is to provide affordable care through reducing or eliminating unnecessary duplication of tests or services, lowering the risk of medical errors. For each ACO, there is a defined patient population, primarily composed of Medicare beneficiaries, for which it is held accountable in terms of care cost, gross savings, and quality.
The following list highlights the top 25 ACOs by patient population, representing over 15.7 million patients with an average population of 628,000. Of the top 25, 92 percent are classified as commercial ACOs— an ACO model with a non-government payer.
TMA PracticeEdge, a commercial ACO based out of Austin, TX, ranks first with a patient population of five million — 112-percent higher than the next highest ACO, Aetna-Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) which has a patient population of 1.4 million.