A critical care unit is a facility designated for the delivery of critical care, a specialized area of medicine that focuses on treating patients who need immediate and intensive medical attention. These patients often require round-the-clock monitoring to ensure their well-being and safety, as their condition can rapidly deteriorate. The most common conditions treated by critical care medicine are cardiac arrest, respiratory failure, and shock.
Common critical care treatments include:
- Life support
- Administration of intravenous fluids and medications
- Close monitoring of vital signs
- Sepsis monitoring
Critical care aims to stabilize the patient's condition and prevent further deterioration. In some cases, this may require surgery or other invasive procedures. Teams in critical care units typically consist of doctors, nurses, and other health care professionals with specialized training in this field.