Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is the perceived physical or mental health of an individual or group over time and focuses on how someone’s health affects their ability to live a fulfilling life.
HRQL has different variations, including individual and community levels.
The individual HRQL includes the patient’s physical and mental health perceptions and their correlates (e.g., functional status, health risks and conditions, socioeconomic status, and social support). For those with chronic health conditions, HRQL includes how their disease and treatment affect disability and everyday living.
On the community level, HRQL includes policies, resources, conditions, and practices that influence a particular population’s perceptions and functional status.
A common way to assess and monitor HRQL is through patient-centered outcome questionnaires.