Passed in 1946, the Hill-Burton Act, also known as the Hospital Survey and Construction Act, provides financial assistance to certain types of public and nonprofit healthcare facilities assuming certain criteria are met. Recipients of funds from the Hill-Burton Act include general and special hospitals, nursing homes, and rehabilitation clinics. Criteria for receiving funds generally revolve around guaranteeing to serve the public in certain ways. For example, recipients must provide care in a non-discriminatory manner, provide emergency treatment for local individuals within the facility’s service area who cannot afford services, and accept Medicare and Medicaid unless the recipient is ineligible to participate in these programs. A full list of criteria can be found on the Human and Health Services website.