Obstetrics and gynecology focus on improved healthcare for women, whether they are or are not pregnant.
With obstetrics, the healthcare professional can care for any complication that may arise during pregnancy, ensuring safety for the mother and baby through all phases of pregnancy and childbirth.
As for gynecology, it focuses on all other aspects of a female’s reproductive health, from puberty through menopause and beyond. Women will see their gynecologist for an annual Pap test, pelvic exam, or for any infections or pain in the genitals, uterus, or breasts. For those struggling with infertility, gynecologists can also help with that.
Since these specialties are closely related, many specialists will be certified in both areas so that they may provide care in both areas, referred to as OB/GYN.