The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a special area of the hospital that cares for newborn babies in need of intensive medical care. The NICU contains advanced technology and trained healthcare professionals specific to newborns. In some cases, babies who are not as sick, but need specialized care, may also be placed in the NICU.
Some instances that commonly require admittance to a NICU include:
- preterm births
- low birth weight
- twins or triplets
- health conditions (breathing trouble, infections, heart defects, birth defects, seizures)
- medicine or resuscitation in the delivery room
- need for IV therapy, extra oxygen or monitoring, or medicines
Through the care and services provided in the NICU, newborn babies can receive care in a setting specifically designed for their bodies and needs.