As a medical specialty focusing on the eye, ophthalmology plays a vital role in diagnosing, preventing, and treating all visual issues or eye conditions, thereby promoting eye health.
Some eye conditions an ophthalmologist can treat include:
- Corneal conditions
- Retinal conditions (e.g., diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration)
- Eye conditions with neurological causes (e.g., abnormal eye movements, optic nerve problems, vision loss, double vision)
In addition to treating the above eye conditions, an ophthalmologist also prescribes and fits glasses and contact lenses, allowing patients with vision problems the ability to see. Overall, the work of an ophthalmologist is essential to preserving one of the five senses and improving a patient’s quality of life.