The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a United States federal organization that is part of the Department of Labor and is responsible for the protection of worker health and safety. Congress created OSHA in 1971 to ensure that workers have safe and healthy working conditions by enforcing workplace standards and laws, as well as providing outreach, training, assistance, and education.
Since its creation, the work completed by OSHA has reduced the work-fatality rate by more than half and significantly reduced overall illness and injury rates.
OSHA uses research and input from employers, unions, and experts to determine the requirements and standards applicable to each type of workplace environment. They then offer training and tools that educate employees and employers.
OSHA also handles the enforcement of businesses to these regulations, with the ability to issue fines for violations.