What is pulmonology?

Pulmonology is a medical specialty focused on the respiratory system. This medical field falls within internal medicine. Pulmonologists, or those who study pulmonology, first complete an internal medicine residency before spending several years in a pulmonology fellowship.

Some further areas of specialization in pulmonology include certain diseases, such as pulmonary fibrosis, asthma, and COPD. Other pulmonologists may specialize in the treatment of specific populations, including pediatrics or geriatrics.

Pulmonology is often closely related to cardiology since many heart and lung conditions have similar symptoms. Because of this, pulmonologists often work closely with cardiologists when diagnosing patients.

Why is pulmonology important in healthcare?

Those facing serious or chronic breathing issues work with a pulmonologist to receive a diagnosis, treatment, and management of their illness that primarily affects the lungs.

Individuals who see a pulmonologist may have symptoms like:

  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness or fainting
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Recurrent or chronic bronchitis
  • Uncontrolled asthma

Lung diseases are often debilitating and require long-term care, which is why pulmonology is an essential field for improving lung function and managing conditions affecting the lungs.