A trauma/burn intensive care unit (ICU) is a healthcare facility that provides advanced care for patients who are critically ill due to severe burns or traumatic injuries.
A traumatic injury is sudden and severe, requiring urgent medical attention. Examples of traumatic injuries are severe burns, smoke inhalations, falls, motor vehicle accidents, shootings, and assaults. Patients who have had traumatic injuries or burns may be in a state of shock and need urgent interventions to resuscitate them and save their lives and their limbs.
These patients are usually referred to the trauma/burn intensive care unit from the operating room, emergency room, or other hospital floors. At the trauma/burn intensive care unit, patients are closely observed, receive medications to manage their discomfort, and are monitored with a wide range of equipment and diagnostic tests. They may also receive occupational and physical therapy. Patients remain in the trauma/burn ICU until their condition no longer requires round-the-clock intensive care.