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Healthcare Insights

What are the top diagnoses at psychiatric hospitals?

Psychiatric hospitals are inpatient healthcare facilities designed and staffed to treat people with severe mental illnesses or impairments. These hospitals provide support for patients in crisis or whose symptoms present a risk to themselves or others.

Our HospitalView product tracks 820 active psychiatric hospitals in the U.S. as of April 2023.

Using data from the Atlas All-Payor Claims dataset, we’ve compiled a list of the most common diagnoses behind patient visits to psychiatric hospitals. Keep reading to see which diagnoses top the list.

Top 20 diagnoses for patient visits at psychiatric hospitals in 2022

RankDiagnosis codeDescription% of patient visits at a US psychiatric hospital (2022)Explore dataset
1F332Major depressive disorder, recurrent severe without psychotic features11.9%Explore
2F1120Opioid dependence, uncomplicated6.8%Explore
3F250Schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type3.9%Explore
4F331Major depressive disorder, recurrent, moderate3.5%Explore
5F411Generalized anxiety disorder3.5%Explore
6F1020Alcohol dependence, uncomplicated3.1%Explore
7F3481Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder2.9%Explore
8F209Schizophrenia, unspecified2.8%Explore
9F333Major depressive disorder, recurrent, severe with psychotic symptoms2.5%Explore
10F329Major depressive disorder, single episode, unspecified2.5%Explore
11F319Bipolar disorder, unspecified2.3%Explore
12F29Unspecified psychosis not due to a substance or known physiological condition2.1%Explore
13I10Essential (primary) hypertension1.9%Explore
14F4310Post-traumatic stress disorder, unspecified1.9%Explore
15F840Autistic disorder1.7%Explore
16F339Major depressive disorder, recurrent, unspecified1.7%Explore
17F322Major depressive disorder, single episode, severe without psychotic features1.6%Explore
18F902Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type1.6%Explore
19F200Paranoid schizophrenia1.3%Explore
20F314Bipolar disorder, current episode depressed, severe, without psychotic features1.2%Explore

Fig. 1 Analysis of diagnosis data from Definitive Healthcare’s Atlas All-Payor Claims dataset for calendar year 2022.

Which diagnoses are most responsible for patient visits to psychiatric hospitals?

Recurrent and severe major depressive disorder without psychotic features is the most common diagnosis at U.S. psychiatric hospitals, responsible for 11.9% of all visits to these facilities in 2022.

Also known as clinical depression, this disorder is defined by persistent and overwhelming feelings of sadness and disinterest in daily activities. Variations of major depressive disorder on this list account for 23.8% of patient visits to psychiatric hospitals in 2022.

The second most common diagnosis at U.S. psychiatric hospitals is opioid dependence without additional medical complications, representing 6.8% of patient visits. An estimated 3 million Americans live with opioid use disorder, a broader category that includes addiction and dependence.

Bipolar-type schizoaffective disorder is third on our list, responsible for 3.9% of psychiatric hospital visits in 2022. This disorder features the presence of schizophrenia symptoms like hallucinations or delusions along with episodes of mania and major depression.

What mental health services are offered at psychiatric hospitals?

Psychiatric hospitals typically offer mental health services aimed at patients with especially severe symptoms, such as suicidal or homicidal ideation, long-term sleep or food deprivation, or aggressive hallucinations or delusions.

These services center on stabilizing, monitoring, medicating, administering fluids and nutrition, and providing any necessary emergency care to the patient.

Following stabilization, a patient may receive medical treatments to reduce or control symptoms, participate in group or individual psychotherapy, and receive guidance on coping strategies and/or relapse prevention.

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Healthcare Insights are developed with healthcare commercial intelligence from the Definitive Healthcare platform. Want even more insights? Start a free trial now and get access to the latest healthcare commercial intelligence on hospitals, physicians, and other healthcare providers.