Disease management is a concept by which the effects of a disease are prevented or minimized through integrated care. This is done in order to improve the quality of life for those with chronic conditions and reduce healthcare costs.
Disease management’s primary goal is to reduce avoidable complications by identifying and treating chronic conditions quicker and more effectively. By effectively managing a disease or condition, the disease’s progression, prevent health concerns, and reduce costs associated with more advanced diseases.
The heart of disease management focuses on self-care strategies which patients can implement. This empowers the individual to take on a more active role in their well-being.
Some of the elements of disease management include:
- Evidence-based practice guidelines
- Population identification processes
- Patient self-management education
- Collaborative practice involvement
- Tracking and monitoring system
- Process and outcomes measurement and evaluation
- Risk identification and matching of interventions to need