Neonatology is a subspeciality of pediatrics that is concerned with the care of newborn infants during the first month of life. Neonatology services are managed by a multi-disciplinary team of specialists who provide 24/7 care that is tailored to each patient. This team utilizes advanced medical therapies and technology to handle the complex medical issues and high-risk situations that are associated with newborns. A neonatologist is a pediatrician who is specially trained in the care of critically ill infants.
Neonatology also provides family-centered care, which supports the parents of the newborn during their hospital stay as well as long-term after they are discharged. It is usually a hospital-based specialty that is delivered in a neonatal care Intensive care unit (NICU).
Some of the conditions that neonatology is concerned with are:
- low birth weight
- breathing problems
- neurological problems
- birth injuries
- birth defects
- feeding issues
As well as providing cutting-edge clinical care, neonatology is focused on new research, innovative technology, and discovering ways to improve the care of newborns.