Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty that uses radioactive material to assess bodily functions and diagnose and treat diseases. By leveraging radioisotopes, an unstable form of an element that admits radiation, healthcare providers can look inside the body and determine the condition of organs in the body without the need for invasive surgery.
Radioisotopes provide accurate information about organ structure and functions and can detect conditions including cancerous tumors, heart conditions, or kidney dysfunction. This allows healthcare professionals to detect abnormalities early and develop treatment plans that are most likely to be effective.
Nuclear medicine has also helped scientists better understand how certain treatments affect different parts of the body, making it possible to develop more targeted and patient-specific treatments for many medical conditions.