Cardiovascular disease describes a group of disorders affecting the heart, blood vessels, and circulation. These include heart failure, stroke, and heart attack. Some conditions increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
A variety of symptoms are associated with cardiovascular disease, including:
- chest pain
- irregular heartbeat
- leg swelling or pain
A cardiologist is a specialist healthcare provider who is an expert in cardiovascular disease. They perform various tests and procedures like chest X-rays, MRI scans, and electrocardiograms (ECGs) to help diagnose and treat conditions and diseases associated with the heart.
The treatment of cardiovascular disease aims to relieve symptoms, prevent complications, and reduce the risk of reoccurrence. The type of treatment varies by disorder, but often includes:
- lifestyle changes
- devices such as a pacemaker