Top 10 immunology procedures
The Current Procedural Technology (CPT) subcategory Pathology and Laboratory – Immunology tracks immunological tests for many different medical conditions and purposes. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), certain substances or pathogens in the body are detected with immunological techniques. Detectable targets include viruses, hormones and the blood pigment hemoglobin.
The tests can generally be divided into rapid tests and laboratory tests.
Reviewing the immunology CPTs from the Definitive Healthcare ClaimsMx product, we break down the top codes from 2021 below.
|Rank||CPT code||CPT code description||Number of procedures||Explore dataset|
|2||86803||Hepatitis C antibody||2,088,275||Explore|
|3||86706||Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBSAB)||1,053,646||Explore|
|4||86780||Antibody; treponema pallidum||1,022,962||Explore|
|5||86592||Syphilis rest non-trep; qualitative||899,283||Explore|
|6||86580||Skin test; tuberculosis, intradermal||785,599||Explore|
|7||86038||Antinuclear antibodies (ANA)||651,391||Explore|
|8||86769||SARS-COV2 COVID-19 antibody||585,195||Explore|
|9||86704||Hepatitis B core antibody (HBCAB); total||575,997||Explore|
|10||86334||Immunofix e-phoresis serum||526,426||Explore|
What are the most common immunology procedures?
The C-reactive protein (CRP) test, CPT 86140, ranks at the top of the list with more than 3.8 million procedures. According to the Mayo Clinic, the CRP test is used to: check for inflammation due to an infection, help diagnose a chronic inflammatory disease (such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus), determine the risk of heart disease and evaluate the risk of a second heart attack.
Other high-volume immunology procedures are CPT codes 86803, with nearly 2.1 million claims in 2021, and 86706, with 1 million procedures. Both tests look for antibodies to hepatitis in the blood, but there’s a key difference between the codes: In 86803 tests, a positive reactive hepatitis C antibody test indicates that the patient currently has the virus in their blood. For the 86706 tests, a “positive” or “reactive” hepatitis B surface antibody (HBSAB) result indicates that a person is protected against the hepatitis B virus.
The fourth code on the list, and the last with more than 1 million procedures in 2021, is an antibody test for treponema pallidum, which causes syphilis. The test helps to distinguish between current and previous infection.
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