Top 20 hospitals using locum tenens providers

With hospitals and doctor offices facing unprecedented staffing shortages, they’re relying more on contract labor and temporary healthcare staffing agencies to meet patient care needs.

Locum tenens physicians, nurses and other clinicians fill some of these service gaps by working on contract or through temp agencies as supplemental care providers. Locum tenens clinicians usually work across multiple healthcare facilities.

How many hospitals use locum tenens physicians?

Using data from the Definitive Healthcare HospitalView and PhysicianView products, we analyzed hospitals by their use of locum tenens healthcare providers (HCPs). In 2021, nearly 6,000 hospitals utilized locums providers to temporarily staff their facilities.

The following list shows the hospitals that used the most locum tenens providers in 2021.

20 hospitals with the highest number of locum tenens providers

Rank Definitive ID Hospital Name Location Number of Beds Number of locum tenens HCPs
1 1743 CHRISTUS Ochsner St Patrick Hospital Lake Charles, LA 100 2,431
2 4101 CHRISTUS Spohn Hospital Corpus Christi - Shoreline Corpus Christi, TX 503 2,402
3 4056 CHRISTUS Southeast Texas - St Elizabeth Beaumont, TX 353 2,274
4 3848 CHRISTUS Spohn Hospital Beeville Beeville, TX 40 2,266
5 550184 CHRISTUS Santa Rosa Hospital - Medical Center San Antonio, TX 367 2,248
6 89 Providence Hospital Mobile, AL 349 1,805
7 2381 Saint Luke's Hospital of Kansas City Kansas City, MO 422 1,772
8 754 MedStar Washington Hospital Center Washington, DC 726 1,729
9 750 MedStar Georgetown University Hospital Washington, DC 394 1,662
10 550103 Wilmington Hospital Wilmington, DE 241 1,452
11 3571 Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 781 1,415
12 1448 Grundy County Memorial Hospital Grundy Center, IA 25 1,360
13 751 Sibley Memorial Hospital Washington, DC 209 1,296
14 1567 Saint Luke's South Hospital Overland Park, KS 123 1,295
15 2376 Saint Luke's East Hospital Lees Summit, MO 183 1,112
16 2625 Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center Lebanon, NH 401 1,075
17 1804 CHRISTUS St Frances Cabrini Hospital Alexandria, LA 268 1,069
18 3817 Baptist Memorial Hospital - Memphis Memphis, TN 642 1,047
19 3439 UPMC Presbyterian Pittsburgh, PA 1,146 990
20 2191 Mayo Clinic Hospital - Saint Mary's Campus Rochester, MN 1,111 986

Fig. 1  Data from the Definitive Healthcare HospitalView and PhysicianView products for calendar year 2021 based on proprietary research. Data is accurate as of June 2022.

Which hospitals use the most locum tenens physicians?

The five hospitals that used the most locum tenens healthcare providers in 2021 are CHRISTUS Health facilities. CHRISTUS Health is one of the largest health systems by operating expense. Each of these five facilities used more than 2,000 locums providers. The number six hospital, Providence Hospital in Mobile, Alabama used about 1,800 locum tenens in 2021.

On average, the top 20 hospitals on this list each used more than 1,580 locum tenens providers in 2021. Four of the hospitals are in Texas and three are in Washington, DC. The average bed size of these organizations is 419 beds.

What is a locum tenens physician?

Locum tenens refers to healthcare providers that work on short-term or a contractual basis. The term comes from the Latin phrase for “to substitute for”. These providers temporarily staff clinical positions when another provider is on leave, takes a sabbatical or changes employment.

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