How many orthopedic surgeons are in the U.S.?

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Orthopedic surgeons specialize in injuries of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the bones, joints, ligaments, nerves, and tendons.  

Currently, orthopedic complaints are among the top reasons patients pursue medical care in the U.S. From surgical procedures like knee and hip arthroplasties to less severe conditions like muscle or joint pain, orthopedic specialists are in high demand. In fact, nearly 1 million knee and hip arthroplasties were performed in 2021 alone, according to procedure claims data from Definitive Healthcare.   

The high demand for orthopedic specialists makes them an ideal target market for medical devices and pharmaceutical companies. To help guide your commercial strategy, we’ve tracked how active orthopedic surgeons have grown over the years and where to find the most surgeons in the U.S.  

Number of orthopedic surgeons from 2016 – 2022 


Fig 1 Data taken from Definitive Healthcare’s PhysicianView. Data accurate as of February 2023.   

According to Definitive Healthcare’s PhysicianView, which tracks more than 2 million physicians, there are more than 24,000 active orthopedic surgeons in the U.S. About half of those surgeons report a sub-specialty, with the 3 most common being sports medicine, hand surgery, and joint replacement.  

From the line graph, we can see the number of active orthopedic surgeons plateaus from 2018 to 2021, which is likely a result of COVID-19 and the delay of elective surgeries. There was a resurgence by the end of 2022, however, as covid hospitalizations decreased and facilities could reprioritize resources.  

Where are most orthopedic surgeons located in the U.S.?  


California ranks among the highest states in the U.S. with 2,406 active orthopedic surgeons. The state has 800 more orthopedic surgeons than Texas, which is ranked second with 1,621. Washington D.C. and Vermont have the least number of orthopedic surgeons in the U.S., with 58 and 54 respectively.   

Can orthopedic surgeons keep up with demand?   

Although the number of active orthopedic surgeons slightly declined from 2020 to 2021, it appears that orthopedic surgeons are on the rise. According to the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery, orthopedics continues to be one of the most in-demand and desirable medical specialists. Becker’s reports that orthopedic surgeons bring in a significant portion of a hospital’s revenue each year.  

Continued demand for orthopedic surgeons further illustrates how patient aging is driving the need for medical specialties. With a growing population of older adults living longer lives, the demand for orthopedic surgeons and other specialized healthcare workers will continue to remain high.   

For the people who make orthopedics their specialty, studies show six out of 10 surgeons say they enjoy their career and would choose orthopedics if they had to pick again. Orthopedic surgeons also report that spending time with patients and building relationships are among the most rewarding aspects of their job.   

How physician burnout affects orthopedic surgeons  

Even though job satisfaction in orthopedics is relatively high, just under half of orthopedic surgeons report symptoms of burnout, such as dissatisfaction and loss of motivation.   

Skeletal injuries, such as breaks and fractures, can be some of the most traumatic and urgent to treat, requiring orthopedists to be available at all hours. This expectation of availability, combined with a shortage of specialists, could contribute to the high rate of burnout.  

It could also be the case that, although orthopedists generally enjoy their line of work, they are dissatisfied with aspects of life in the medical field such as shifting reimbursement models and federal healthcare regulations.   

Programs like value-based purchasing and HCAHPS Patient Satisfaction ratings directly impact how surgeons and other healthcare providers are reimbursed by the CMS. This incentivizes surgeons to play an active role in hospital purchasing decisions—as medical and surgical supplies can influence patient outcomes and, therefore, physician payments.  

Learn More  

Looking for more information on orthopedic surgeons or other healthcare workers? Start a free trial now and get access to the latest healthcare commercial intelligence on hospitals, physicians, and other healthcare providers.  

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